jennifer schwartz
department of sociology
washington state university
crim 09
female percent
rate estimates
question changes
redesign effects
time series
future research
Criminology 09 Article

a) Outline a template for researchers to calculate sex-specific violence rates using victim-reports on offenders from the National Crime Victimization Survey, and

b) Provide additional methodological detail on issues related to subgroup disaggregated trend analysis of the NCVS that we raised in the companion article, Assessing Trends in Women's Violence Via Data Triangulation 

  • Female Percent – how to calculate female percent and why this gender gap measure is preferable to a female-to-male ratio measure
  • Rate Estimates of Offending – reviews how researchers have calculated offender- and incident-based sex-specific NCVS offending rates and the (dis)advantages of each
  • Question Changes -- compares prompts for violence in redesigned NCVS and original NCS questionnaires
  • Redesign Effects – female rate estimates are increased more by the redesign than estimates of male offenders
  • Time Series Analysis – results using incident- and offender-based rates uncorrected and corrected for sex-specific survey redesign effects (Augmented Dickey Fuller test)
  • Future Research – substantive and methodological questions on trends in the violence gender gap to be addressed

About the Research Team

Jennifer Schwartz
Dr. Schwartz is an Assistant Professor in Sociology at Washington State University
Darrell J. Steffensmeier
Dr. Steffensmeier is a Professor of Sociology and Crime, Law, and Justice in the Department of Sociology at Pennsylvania State University
Hua Zhong
Dr. Zhong is an Assistant Professor in Sociology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong
Jeff Ackerman
Dr. Ackerman is an Assistant Professor at Texas A&M University